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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Date data sharing statement initially provided
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
In stroke survivors, does counting and recording practice repetitions result in increased practice?
Scientific title
The effect of counting and recording repetitions on the intensity of stroke rehabilitation: A Randomised Control Trial
Secondary ID [1] 304710 0
Nil known
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Stroke 322725 0
Condition category
Condition code
Stroke 320313 320313 0 0
Stroke 320314 320314 0 0
Physical Medicine / Rehabilitation 320465 320465 0 0
Other physical medicine / rehabilitation

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Participants in Group A (intervention group) - At a private rehabilitation clinic in Sydney, during five face to face physiotherapy rehabilitation sessions, the participants in the intervention group will have all repetitions done in five minutes of a target exercise counted and recorded on a practice sheet that is visible to the participant. This will be done by the treating physiotherapist who will be an experienced rehabilitation physiotherapist. The therapist will count out loud the repetitions that are being done and keep an ongoing tally. Before each new session, the therapist will show the number of repetitions completed in the previous session and set a goal that is 25% higher (for example, last session: 20 repetitions, goal for this session: at least 25 repetitions). Adherence will be monitored by examining the practice records and watching the video recording of the session.
Intervention code [1] 321089 0
Treatment: Other
Intervention code [2] 321187 0
Comparator / control treatment
Participants in Group B (control group) - At a private rehabilitation clinic in Sydney, during five face to face physiotherapy rehabilitation sessions, the participants will have therapy as usual which does not include counting and recording of repetitions of practice.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 328162 0
Intensity of practice measured as exercise repetitions per minute. This will be counted across a 5 minute period and the average repetitions per minute will be calculated. The counting will be done while watching a video recording of the target exercise being performed. A pre-determined definition of what constitutes one repetition will be used. This will be based on the definitions compiled by Scrivener et al ( "For example one stand up was recorded
as one exercise repetition, one step was recorded as a repetition and one
active ankle dorsiflexion in strength training. When the participant was
attempting to maintain a position (e.g. remain sitting/standing upright)
each effortful attempt was recorded as a repetition."
Timepoint [1] 328162 0
Session one and session 5
Secondary outcome [1] 397899 0
There is no secondary outcome
Timepoint [1] 397899 0

Key inclusion criteria
• Above 18 years of age
• Clinical diagnosis of stroke (ischaemic or haemorrhagic)
• Attending Advance Rehab Centre (ARC) in Sydney, Australia
• Planned to attend at least another 8 sessions of rehabilitation
• Patient can complete a minimum of 5 minutes of a rehabilitation exercise without assistance from people or devices
• Patient has appropriate cognition and English language ability to give consent and understand instructions
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
• Co-morbidities that can reduce exercise capacity such as COPD and symptomatic osteoarthritis

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Allocation will be concealed as the researcher will contact the holder of the allocation schedule who is "off-site". They off-site investigate will be contacted by phone and will inform the researcher of the group allocation.

Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
The randomisation order will be created by using Excel software
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

The people assessing the outcomes
Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis
To determine the rate of repetitions per minute, we will use the median or mean from the 5 minutes of exercise. If this data is skewed, we will use the median value, if the data is evenly distributed, we will use the mean value. For each group, data from session 1 will be compared to session 5 and the percentage increase between them will be presented using descriptive statistics. An independent t-test will be used to determine whether there are any significant differences (p <0.05) between the intervention and the control groups for changes in the rate of repetitions.

Recruitment status
Not yet recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 34630 0
2064 - Artarmon

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 309080 0
Name [1] 309080 0
Australian Catholic University
Address [1] 309080 0
PO Box 968
NSW 2059
33 Berry St North Sydney
NSW 2060
Country [1] 309080 0
Primary sponsor type
Australian Catholic University
PO Box 968, North Sydney NSW 2059
Secondary sponsor category [1] 310026 0
Name [1] 310026 0
Address [1] 310026 0
Country [1] 310026 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 308954 0
Australian Catholic University Research Ethics
Ethics committee address [1] 308954 0
PO Box 968, North Sydney NSW 2059
Ethics committee country [1] 308954 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 308954 0
Approval date [1] 308954 0
Ethics approval number [1] 308954 0

Brief summary
Stroke is a cardiovascular disease that is estimated to affect 1.7% of all Australians. Due to stroke-related disabilities, 40% of patients experience limitations with walking, upper limb function and other activities, causing reduced participation in society. High intensity rehabilitation is required to optimise recovery however, this is not being achieved using current approaches to therapy. There are limited strategies for maximising intensity of stroke rehabilitation that have proven benefit and do not involve additional resources. Counting and recording repetitions is a possible solution, however, this strategy is yet to be evaluated. This study will quantify the effect of counting and recording repetitions and discussing target numbers of repetitions on the intensity of practice achieved in stroke rehabilitation. During therapy sessions for the intervention group exercise repetitions will be counted and recorded and participants will be encouraged to reach target numbers based on their previous performance. The control group will continue with usual therapy.
Significance of Research
If this study demonstrates that counting and recording repetitions increases the intensity of practice done in rehabilitation, it could lead to changes within stroke rehabilitation that will make therapy more efficient and effective. It will provide a strategy that incrases the intensity of stroke rehabilitation with no additional resources, time or cost for the therapist or the patient.
Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the impact of counting and recording repetitions on the intensity of rehabilitation (rate of repetitions) completed. It is hypothesised that this intervention will lead to a statistically and clinically relevant increase in the intensity of stroke rehabilitation.
• To determine the percentage difference in the rate of repetitions between the start and end of study for both the intervention and control group.
• To compare the percentage difference between the intervention and control group
• To determine if counting and recording repetitions has any statistical or clinical significance in increasing the intensity of stroke rehabilitation
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 112458 0
Dr Simone Dorsch
Address 112458 0
Australian Catholic University
PO Box 968
North Sydney
NSW 2059
or 33 Berry St
North Sydney 2060
Country 112458 0
Phone 112458 0
+61 414811168
Fax 112458 0
Email 112458 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 112459 0
Dr Simone Dorsch
Address 112459 0
Australian Catholic University
PO Box 968
North Sydney
NSW 2059
or 33 Berry St
North Sydney 2060
Country 112459 0
Phone 112459 0
+61 414811168
Fax 112459 0
Email 112459 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 112460 0
Dr Simone Dorsch
Address 112460 0
Australian Catholic University
PO Box 968
North Sydney
NSW 2059
or 33 Berry St
North Sydney 2060
Country 112460 0
Phone 112460 0
+61 414811168
Fax 112460 0
Email 112460 0

Data sharing statement
Will individual participant data (IPD) for this trial be available (including data dictionaries)?
What data in particular will be shared?
All individual participant data collected during the trial, after de-identification
When will data be available (start and end dates)?
Start date 25/02/2022
No end date determined
Available to whom?
Anyone who wishes to access it for a valid reason
Available for what types of analyses?
For any type of analysis
How or where can data be obtained?
Access subject to approvals by Simone Dorsch,
What supporting documents are/will be available?
No other documents available
Summary results
No Results