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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Submitted, not yet approved
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Date data sharing statement initially provided
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
A pilot trial investigating the effect of self-compassion training on mental health in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes
Scientific title
Making Friends with Yourself: A pilot randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of videoconference self-compassion training on mental health and wellbeing in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes
Secondary ID [1] 302231 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Type 1 Diabetes 318931 0
Anxiety 319297 0
Depression 319298 0
Condition category
Condition code
Metabolic and Endocrine 316906 316906 0 0
Mental Health 316907 316907 0 0
Mental Health 317265 317265 0 0

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Making Friends with Yourself is an 8-week manualised group program developed by Karen Bluth and Lorraine Hobbes (https://centerformsc.org/msc-teens-adults/). Please note, the manual is only available to trained facilitators and is not available publicly.

In this study, the program will be delivered by two clinical psychologists who are trained to facilitate the program. The program will be delivered as a group intervention via Zoom (up to 16 participants per group, including 2 facilitators), and participants will access it from home or another location of their choosing. It involves one session (1.5 hours duration) per week for 8 weeks. Participants are not required to complete any at-home activities.

The program involves psychoeducation on each of the following topics: self-compassion, self-criticism, mindfulness, stress, wellbeing, and values. Participants engage in structured group discussion, self-reflection exercises, and art activities. They also practice meditation exercises. A session attendance checklist will be used to monitor adherence to the intervention.
Intervention code [1] 318520 0
Intervention code [2] 318760 0
Comparator / control treatment
The comparator is a wait list control group. Participants will access treatment as usual. They will receive the Making Friends with Yourself program at the end of the follow-up period (12 weeks post-enrolment).
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 325009 0
Self-compassion (assessed using The Self-Compassion Scale for Youth)
Timepoint [1] 325009 0
Baseline (before commencement of intervention), Post-test (8 weeks after baseline) and follow-up (12 weeks after baseline)
Primary outcome [2] 325010 0
Anxiety (assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorders 7-item scale)
Timepoint [2] 325010 0
Baseline (before commencement of intervention), Post-test (8 weeks after baseline) and follow-up (12 weeks after baseline)
Primary outcome [3] 325011 0
Depression (assessed using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire)
Timepoint [3] 325011 0
Baseline (before commencement of intervention), Post-test (8 weeks after baseline) and follow-up (12 weeks after baseline)
Secondary outcome [1] 386539 0
Diabetes management (assessed using the parent-report Diabetes Management Questionnaire)
Timepoint [1] 386539 0
Baseline (before commencement of intervention), Post-test (8 weeks after baseline) and follow-up (12 weeks after baseline)
Secondary outcome [2] 386540 0
Metabolic control, assessed as proportion of time spent in target glucose range (70-180mg/dL), will be assessed by accessing continuous glucose monitor data,
Timepoint [2] 386540 0
Baseline (before commencement of intervention, follow-up (12 weeks after baseline)
Secondary outcome [3] 387506 0
Health-related Quality of Life (assessed using the Assessment of Quality of Life - 6 Dimension)
Timepoint [3] 387506 0
Baseline (before commencement of intervention), Post-test (8 weeks after baseline) and follow-up (12 weeks after baseline)
Secondary outcome [4] 387507 0
Feasibility will be measured by examining proportion of participants consenting, commencing, and completing all sessions. For the intervention to be considered feasible, we have set a threshold of greater than or equal to 50% of contacted participants consenting to to enrolment; greater than or equal to 70% of consented participants commencing the experimental condition and greater than equal to 50% of consented participants completing all intervention sessions in the experimental arm.
Timepoint [4] 387507 0
Baseline (prior to the intervention) and post-test (8 weeks after baseline)
Secondary outcome [5] 387508 0
Acceptability, which will be measured by coding qualitative data collected via interviews with participants
Timepoint [5] 387508 0
Between post-test (8 weeks post baseline) and follow up (12 weeks post baseline)

Key inclusion criteria
(1) Aged 14-17 years of age
(2) Diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes
(3) Using Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM)
(4) Able to speak and understand English
(5) Able to access Zoom
Minimum age
14 Years
Maximum age
17 Years
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Elevated self-harm or suicide risk (score of 4 or more on the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) )

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Concealed allocation using an automated randomisation process (via Qualtrics)
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Simple randomisation using a randomisation table created by computer software
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

The people analysing the results/data
Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis
While the purpose of the study is not hypothesis testing, we will calculate differences between the experimental group and the control condition for the primary and secondary outcomes.

Baseline characteristics of participants will be reported to describe the sample. Descriptive statistics will be used to summarize quantitative data collected for each of the feasibility domains.

Feasibility metrics will address the A process for Decision-making after Pilot and feasibility Trials (ADePT) framework.

Recruitment status
Not yet recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 306652 0
Other Collaborative groups
Name [1] 306652 0
Children's Diabetes Centre
Address [1] 306652 0
15 Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, WA, 6009
Country [1] 306652 0
Primary sponsor type
Telethon Kids Institute
15 Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, WA 6009
Secondary sponsor category [1] 307203 0
Name [1] 307203 0
Address [1] 307203 0
Country [1] 307203 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Submitted, not yet approved
Ethics committee name [1] 306834 0
University of Western Australia Human Research Ethics Committee
Ethics committee address [1] 306834 0
35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley WA 6009
Ethics committee country [1] 306834 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 306834 0
Approval date [1] 306834 0
Ethics approval number [1] 306834 0

Brief summary
The aim of this project is to pilot a randomized controlled trial of an 8-week group self-compassion training program (Making Friends with Yourself; MFY) delivered via videoconference, for young people (14-17 years) with Type 1 diabetes. We will assess whether the program is acceptable and determine whether it is feasible to do a larger study of the program. We will do this by asking participants what they think about the program and also looking at how long it takes us to recruit participants, how many people complete the intervention, and how many of the participants are satisfied with the program. We will also collect data on self-compassion, mental health, diabetes management, quality of life, and metabolic control. This data will be collected before the program commences, after the program is complete, and again at 4 weeks after program completion. This data will help us to design future studies to test the whether the program is effective for improving mental and physical health outcomes in young people with Type 1 diabetes.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 105174 0
Dr Amy Finlay-Jones
Address 105174 0
Telethon Kids Institute, 15 Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, WA 6009
Country 105174 0
Phone 105174 0
Fax 105174 0
Email 105174 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 105175 0
Ms Tammy Gibbs
Address 105175 0
Telethon Kids Institute, 15 Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, WA 6009
Country 105175 0
Phone 105175 0
Fax 105175 0
Email 105175 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 105176 0
Dr Amy Finlay-Jones
Address 105176 0
Telethon Kids Institute, 15 Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, WA 6009
Country 105176 0
Phone 105176 0
Fax 105176 0
Email 105176 0

Data sharing statement
Will individual participant data (IPD) for this trial be available (including data dictionaries)?
No/undecided IPD sharing reason/comment
Small group of participants with sensitive health data
What supporting documents are/will be available?
Study protocol
Informed consent form
Ethical approval
How or where can supporting documents be obtained?
Type [1] 9044 0
Statistical analysis plan
Citation [1] 9044 0
Link [1] 9044 0
Email [1] 9044 0
Other [1] 9044 0
Attachment [1] 9044 0
Type [2] 9045 0
Study protocol
Citation [2] 9045 0
Link [2] 9045 0
Email [2] 9045 0
Other [2] 9045 0
Attachment [2] 9045 0
Type [3] 9046 0
Informed consent form
Citation [3] 9046 0
Link [3] 9046 0
Email [3] 9046 0
Other [3] 9046 0
Attachment [3] 9046 0
Type [4] 9047 0
Ethical approval
Citation [4] 9047 0
Link [4] 9047 0
Email [4] 9047 0
Other [4] 9047 0
Attachment [4] 9047 0
Summary results
No Results