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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Date data sharing statement initially provided
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
What is the effect of a shared leadership system for maternity emergency teams on team performance ?
Scientific title
What is the effect of a shared leadership system for maternity emergency teams on team performance ?
Secondary ID [1] 296450 0
Nil Known
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Maternity Emergencies 310227 0
Leadership within Maternity Emergency Teams 310229 0
Condition category
Condition code
Reproductive Health and Childbirth 308959 308959 0 0
Childbirth and postnatal care
Public Health 309002 309002 0 0
Health service research

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
The developed system of shared leadership (dual leadership) will be compared to traditional vertical leadership in a simulated maternity emergency using a comparative trial with a counterbalanced, crossover design.

Participants will be attendees (midwives, midwifery students, obstetric doctors and anaesthetic doctors) at the simulation training course “Maternity Emergency Management” (MEM). The course is delivered by an interprofessional team of clinician educators (midwifery/obstetrics and anaesthetics) with training in simulation delivery and debriefing. The setting is a simulation centre which is co-located with a tertiary maternity hospital. Up to 14 participants per course will be divided into two teams who will participate in 2 research scenarios each during the MEM course day. ( research scenarios will be 2&5 (one team) and 3&6 (second team)).
The research scenarios are a fully immersive simulation scenario with a high-fidelity human mannequin. Each intact team of 6-7 participants will be called to an emergency and be expected to assess and manage the "patient" as they would in real life. These scenarios will be similar in the diagnostic approach and management required by the team. Teams will be trained in the use of a cognitive aid during non-research scenarios (scenarios 1&4) to enable singular or shared leadership to be practiced prior to participation in the scenario ustilising the respective leadership structure. Non-research scenarios are immersive scenarios in the "rapid cycle deliberate practice style". Teams will "tag in" and "tag out" of caring for the patient.

All scenarios will happen in the course of one day with each team participating in the non-research scenarios and 2 research scenarios each. Non-research scenarios last 30-45 minutes, Research scenarios last 5-10 minutes and are followed by a 20-40 minute debriefing.

Teamwork scores (primary outcome) for shared and singular leadership will be compared within groups. Teamwork scores will be assessed during the emergency phase (that is the time after the emergency alarm is activated). The leadership type and scenario order will be counterbalanced to reduce the impact of the learning curve through the day. A latin Square will be used to ensure counterbalancing and the order of the implementation of the course each day will be determined by a randomisation.
Intervention code [1] 312775 0
Treatment: Other
Comparator / control treatment
Comparator - dual leadership using a system informed by literature review and staff interviews/ input. Dual leadership system will be supported by cognitive aid which is to be developed for the trial.

Control- traditional singular leadership supported by cognitive aid which is to be developed for the trial.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 307926 0
Teamwork score as assessed by validated teamwork tool ( Auckland team behaviour Tool)
Timepoint [1] 307926 0
emergency phase of simulated scenario. Assessed retrospectively by video review. Videos will be assessed together on completion of recruitment to avoid rater drift over time.
Secondary outcome [1] 353360 0
1) Clinical performance will be assessed by combination of time to critical intervention (scenario specific) and completion of checklist of clinical interventions ( in development)
Timepoint [1] 353360 0
Assessed by retrospective video review - following completion of recruitment
Secondary outcome [2] 353361 0
Participant self assessed work load
Timepoint [2] 353361 0
As assessed by participants using NASA TLX immediately post scenario

Key inclusion criteria
Consenting participants at the Maternity Emergency Management (MEM) course - doctors, midwives.
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
80 Years
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
non consent.

Study design
Purpose of the study
Educational / counselling / training
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Latin square will be used to ensure counterbalancing of scenarios/intervention. Random number generator will be used to randomise the sequence of courses.
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis
repeated measures ANOVA

Recruitment status
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 24491 0
4101 - South Brisbane
Recruitment postcode(s) [2] 27116 0
4215 - Southport

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 301045 0
Name [1] 301045 0
Mater Foundation
Address [1] 301045 0
620 Stanley ST
Wooloongabba , QLD, 4101
Country [1] 301045 0
Primary sponsor type
Monash University
1 Wellington Road
Clayton, VIC 3800
Secondary sponsor category [1] 300644 0
Name [1] 300644 0
Mater Mothers' Hospital
Address [1] 300644 0
1 Raymond Terrace
South Brisbane, QLD, 4101
Country [1] 300644 0
Other collaborator category [1] 280837 0
Name [1] 280837 0
Gold Coast University Hosptial
Address [1] 280837 0
1 Hospital Boulevard, Southport, QLD 4215
Country [1] 280837 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 301800 0
Mater Miseracordiea LTD HREC
Ethics committee address [1] 301800 0
Mater Research /MMRI
Level 3 Aubigny Place
1 Raymond Terrace
South Brisbane QLD 4101
Ethics committee country [1] 301800 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 301800 0
Approval date [1] 301800 0
Ethics approval number [1] 301800 0

Brief summary
Traditionally during maternity emergencies, it is recommended that a single leader take charge. However, in many critical circumstances there may be too many things for a single leader to do. This project aims to test a system where the leadership tasks can be shared between two leaders to determine if this is superior to a singular leadership model.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 88150 0
Dr Sarah Janssens
Address 88150 0
Mater Health
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ground floor Aubigny Place
1 Raymond Terrace
South Brisbane QLD 4101
Country 88150 0
Phone 88150 0
+61 7 31638855
Fax 88150 0
Email 88150 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 88151 0
Dr Sarah Janssens
Address 88151 0
Mater Health
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ground floor Aubigny Place
1 Raymond Terrace
South Brisbane QLD 4101
Country 88151 0
Phone 88151 0
+61 7 31638855
Fax 88151 0
Email 88151 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 88152 0
Dr Sarah Janssens
Address 88152 0
Mater Health
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ground floor Aubigny Place
1 Raymond Terrace
South Brisbane QLD 4101
Country 88152 0
Phone 88152 0
+61 7 31638855
Fax 88152 0
Email 88152 0

Data sharing statement
Will individual participant data (IPD) for this trial be available (including data dictionaries)?
No/undecided IPD sharing reason/comment
this would potentially breech privacy or local governance protocols
What supporting documents are/will be available?
Study protocol
How or where can supporting documents be obtained?
Type [1] 2896 0
Study protocol
Citation [1] 2896 0
Link [1] 2896 0
Email [1] 2896 0
Other [1] 2896 0
Summary results
No Results