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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Not yet submitted
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Education – Does it alter representations for Medical Care post Ureteric Stent Insertion?
Scientific title
In patients receiving ureteric stents for calculus disease, does different levels of formal education compared with standard care affect representation for medical attention?
Secondary ID [1] 282280 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Renal Colic (Urinary Calculus disease) 288816 0
Public Health 288866 0
Condition category
Condition code
Renal and Urogenital 289175 289175 0 0
Other renal and urogenital disorders
Public Health 289208 289208 0 0
Health promotion/education

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Intervention 1: Formal education in form of Written Handout
- Written handout will include subtitles of: What is a Stent? Why do you need a stent? What side effects should I expect? When should I see a doctor for stent symptoms? When will the stent be removed? What can I do with the stent in place? It will also include a visual image of the stent within kidney, ureter and bladder.
- Written information will be provided on the ward after stent insertion and prior to discharge. Patients will be given this information handout to keep.
- This intervention will technically last until their followup phone call which will occur within 3 months and after their stent is removed (stents are usually removed between 2-6 weeks).

Intervention 2: Formal education in form of Written Handout AND Informative Video
- The Written handout is exactly the same as Intervention 1.
- The informative video will include a visual(animated) projection of the stent and where it lies anatomically. Otherwise, the information provided will be the same as the written handout except that it will include audio as well as visual information. Again, it will be the same information as the written handout.
- Both these forms of education will occur after stent insertion and before discharge. Patients can keep their written handout and will be able to view the informative video only once.
- The duration of the intervention will be until they receive their phone call after stent extraction and within 3 months.
Intervention code [1] 286911 0
Other interventions
Comparator / control treatment
Comparator is standard education (verbal non-prepared information).
This standard education varies between which doctor relays information to the patient. Generally, it is expected of the doctors in the department to cover with the patient what a stent is, what it is used for and also what side-effects are to be expected with a stent. Patients are also advised of when to seek medical attention.
Standard education is provided after a stent is inserted prior to discharge.
The duration of the compariator is within 3 months after the stent is removed (usually after 2-6 weeks).
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 289286 0
Presentation to medical service (General Practitioner or Emergency Department)

Patients will be contacted over the telephone and asked a series of questions. The first question will ensure the patient has consented to be questioned for research purposes. The second question will be whether the patient has presented to an emergency department or general practitioner with stent related symptoms. To check that these are stent symptoms, they will be asked if they experienced abdominal, pelvic or flank pain, increased urinary frequency, pain on passing urine, symptoms of sepsis (fevers, night sweats, rigors) or asked to elaborate on any other symptoms

Results will be recorded on a database
Timepoint [1] 289286 0
Patients will be contacted within 3 months of stent insertion and after they have received intervention or comparator (usually immediately after stent insertion) AND after they have had their stent out (usually within 2-6 weeks)
Secondary outcome [1] 302167 0
Prescription of antibiotics

During the phone questionnaire, patients will be asked if they were prescribed antibiotics by the health service provider that they saw. Results will be recorded on a database.
Timepoint [1] 302167 0
Patients will be contacted within 3 months of stent insertion and after they have received intervention or comparator (usually immediately after stent insertion) AND after they have had their stent out (usually within 2-6 weeks)

Key inclusion criteria
All patients receiving ureteric stents as part of usual management for calculus disease.
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
110 Years
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Patients will be excluded from the study if they have stents put in for non-calculus disease, for calculus disease in the presence of urinary infection or if they are non-english speaking.

Study design
Purpose of the study
Educational / counselling / training
Allocation to intervention
Non-randomised trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Patients who have had ureteric stents inserted as part of regular management of their stone disease will be approached and consented for the study. The allocation of participants to the trial's intervention and comparator groups will be based on their time of presentation (order in which they are included int he study). Allocation will not be concealed.
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
There is no sequence generation
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis
Main data for analysis will include whether or not patients present to their GP, ED or neither. Patient symptoms will be analysed as well as what treatment was provided to the patient.
The overall cohort of 150 patients is an estimate of how many stents will be inserted in the time-frame allowable for this research project (1 year).

Recruitment status
Not yet recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment hospital [1] 853 0
The Alfred - Prahran
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 6666 0
3004 - Melbourne

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 287049 0
Self funded/Unfunded
Name [1] 287049 0
Address [1] 287049 0
Country [1] 287049 0
Primary sponsor type
Dr Gideon Blecher
Urology Office - The Alfred
55 Commercial Road
Melbourne 3004
Secondary sponsor category [1] 285823 0
Name [1] 285823 0
Address [1] 285823 0
Country [1] 285823 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Not yet submitted
Ethics committee name [1] 289079 0
The Alfred Research and Ethics Unit
Ethics committee address [1] 289079 0
OFFICE OF ETHICS & RESEARCH GOVERNANCE - Ground Floor, Linay Pavilion, The Alfred
55 Commercial Road
Melbourne 3004
Ethics committee country [1] 289079 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 289079 0
Approval date [1] 289079 0
Ethics approval number [1] 289079 0

Brief summary
The aim of this research study is to assess whether patient education alters the frequency of representations to a doctor, following insertion of a ureteric stent for calculus (stone) disease.
Patients who have ureteric stents placed for stone disease will be approached for this study. They will be consented to:
1. Placement of their name on a register
2. Being contacted within 3 months by telephone where they will be asked whether they presented to their General Practitioner (GP) or Emergency Department (ED) for stent symptoms and if so, what the symptoms were.
3. GP may be called to clarify further information

Patients involved in the study will be randomised (through time of presentation) to either standard care, education leaflet or education leaflet as well as educational video.
Participants in the study will then be contacted by telephone within 3 months of stent insertion and questioned regarding presentations to their GP or ED. If they did, they will be asked regarding what symptoms they presented for and the health provider may be contacted to clarify further information.
The data will be evaluated to review if different levels of education may affect the representation rate following stent insertion.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 39130 0
Dr Gideon Blecher
Address 39130 0
Urology Office, Level 6, Centre Block, The Alfred. 55 Commercial Road, Melbourne 3004, Victoria.
Country 39130 0
Phone 39130 0
Fax 39130 0
Email 39130 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 39131 0
Dr Gideon Blecher
Address 39131 0
Urology Office, Level 6, Centre Block, The Alfred. 55 Commercial Road, Melbourne 3004, Victoria
Country 39131 0
Phone 39131 0
Fax 39131 0
Email 39131 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 39132 0
Dr Gideon Blecher
Address 39132 0
Urology Office, Level 6, Centre Block, The Alfred. 55 Commercial Road, Melbourne 3004, Victoria.
Country 39132 0
Phone 39132 0
Fax 39132 0
Email 39132 0

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
No Results