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Trial details imported from

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Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated

Titles & IDs
Public title
Impact of Pulse-enriched Foods on Cognitive Function and Cardiometabolic Health in Obese Adults
Scientific title
Impact of Pulse-enriched Foods on Cognitive Function and Cardiometabolic Health in Obese Adults
Secondary ID [1] 0 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Obesity 0 0
Condition category
Condition code
Diet and Nutrition 0 0 0 0
Metabolic and Endocrine 0 0 0 0
Other metabolic disorders

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Other interventions - Pulse Group
Other interventions - Control Group

Experimental: Pulse Group - The pulse group will consume pulse-enriched foods designed to deliver ½ cup of pulses per day for 12 weeks.

Active Comparator: Control Group - The control group will consume comparator foods for 12 weeks.

Other interventions: Pulse Group
The pulse group will consume pulse-enriched foods designed to deliver ½ cup of pulses per day for 12 weeks.

Other interventions: Control Group
The control group will consume comparator foods for 12 weeks.

Intervention code [1] 0 0
Other interventions
Comparator / control treatment
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 0 0
Vascular Function - Vascular function will be assessed non-invasively (at baseline, Week 6, and Week 12) with measurement of arterial compliance (elasticity) by pulse wave analysis and pulse wave velocity. Measurement of arterial vasodilation will be done non-invasively to evaluate endothelial cells which line the blood vessels that regulate blood flow. Blood samples will be taken to assess markers of vascular function.
Timepoint [1] 0 0
12 weeks
Primary outcome [2] 0 0
Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity (Australian Site only) - Cerebral blood flow velocity will be assessed (baseline , Week 6, Week 12) by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. This will serve as an index of arterial vasodilator responsiveness in the cerebral circulation. This will be performed by the Australian site only.
Timepoint [2] 0 0
12 Weeks
Secondary outcome [1] 0 0
Cognitive Function - A selection of cognitive tests will be administered (baseline, Week 6, and Week 12) by a qualified member of the study team to assess varying aspects of the participant's level of functioning cognition.
Timepoint [1] 0 0
12 weeks

Key inclusion criteria
- Male or females, between 50-80 years of age

- Body Mass Index (BMI) of >25 kg/m2

- Must be on a stable regime for the past 6 months if taking medications or supplements
for elevated lipids, blood pressure, glucose management, mood, pain, or insomnia

- Consume 1 or less servings of pulses per week

- Able to read and understand English

- Willing to comply with the protocol requirements

- Willing to provide informed consent.
Minimum age
50 Years
Maximum age
80 Years
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
- Body weight =135 kg (since this exceeds the capability for Dual Energy X-ray
Absorptiometry, i.e, DEXA scanning to assess body composition)

- Established cardiovascular, liver, or kidney disease

- Uncontrolled diabetes (hemoglobin HbA1c >8)

- A score of =23 on the Mini Mental State Examination

- Use of appetite suppressants or Orlistat (Xenical)

- Inability to consume pulse-enriched foods (i.e., beans, peas, chickpeas, and lentils)
due to allergies or severe gastrointestinal reactions

- Pregnancy

- Smoking or only recently quit smoking (smoked any cigarettes within the last 12

- Weight loss of =3kg of body weight within the 6 months prior to enrolling in the study

- Adherence to a weight loss diet or physical activity program designed to facilitate
weight loss

- Acute or terminal illness.

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Data analysis
Reason for early stopping/withdrawal
Other reasons
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment hospital [1] 0 0
University of South Australia, Nutritional Psysiology Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health - Adelaide
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 0 0
5001 - Adelaide
Recruitment outside Australia
Country [1] 0 0
State/province [1] 0 0

Funding & Sponsors
Primary sponsor type
University of Manitoba
Other collaborator category [1] 0 0
Name [1] 0 0
University of South Australia
Address [1] 0 0
Country [1] 0 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status

Brief summary
The Canadian population, as is the case in most developed countries, is ageing and becoming
increasingly overweight and/or obese. Both ageing and obesity are associated with reduced
cognitive performance which can impact adversely on the ability to undertake daily activities
and increases the risk of loss of independent living and reduced quality of life. The
investigators predict that consumption of ½ cup of pulses per day for 12 weeks will improve
cognitive function in older overweight/obese adults and thus decrease the rate of cognitive
decline that occurs in this at-risk population.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
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Tjepkema M. Adult obesity in Canada: measured height and weight. Nutrition: Findings from the Canadian Community Health Survey. Ottawa, 2005.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. National Health Survey 2007-2008. In: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, ed. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009.
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Fukuhara M, Matsumura K, Ansai T, Takata Y, Sonoki K, Akifusa S, Wakisaka M, Hamasaki T, Fujisawa K, Yoshida A, Fujii K, Iida M, Takehara T. Prediction of cognitive function by arterial stiffness in the very elderly. Circ J. 2006 Jun;70(6):756-61.
Kim YS, Kim DH, Choi BH, Sohn EH, Lee AY. Relationship between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and cognitive function in an elderly community-dwelling population with metabolic syndrome. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2009 Jul-Aug;49(1):176-9. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2008.07.004. Epub 2008 Sep 10.
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Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 0 0
Peter Zahradka, PhD
Address 0 0
University of Manitoba
Country 0 0
Phone 0 0
Fax 0 0
Email 0 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 0 0
Address 0 0
Country 0 0
Phone 0 0
Fax 0 0
Email 0 0
Contact person for scientific queries

Summary results
Other publications