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Trial registered on ANZCTR


Registration number
ACTRN12611000009910
Ethics application status
Approved
Date submitted
21/12/2010
Date registered
6/01/2011
Date last updated
3/12/2015
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
An open trial of internet-based treatment of depression symptoms in older adults
Scientific title
An open trial of internet-based treatment of depression symptoms in older adults
Secondary ID [1] 253327 0
Nil
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Depression 258864 0
Condition category
Condition code
Mental Health 259001 259001 0 0
Depression

Intervention/exposure
Study type
Interventional
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
In this open trial participants will receive access to an 8 week internet-based treatment program. All participants will have at least mild symptoms of depression(PHQ- 9 total score of >9). All participants will complete 5 lessons of Internet based treatment about management of symptoms of depression. One lesson will be completed every 7 to 10 days. Each lesson will take about 15 minutes to complete. Participants will also have access to summaries of each lesson, a secure online clinician-moderated forum, and will read anonymous stories about other people with depression, taking a further 20 minutes per week. All participants will also receive automatic emails and brief weekly (<10minutes week) supportive telephone calls from a Registered Psychologist.

Study questionnaires will be administered at application, pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at 3-months post-treatment. These will take about 20-30 minutes to complete. The treatment materials are based on the Wellbeing Program, which teaches evidence-based cognitive behavioural skills.
Intervention code [1] 257778 0
Treatment: Other
Comparator / control treatment
Nil
Control group
Uncontrolled

Outcomes
Primary outcome [1] 259856 0
Symptoms and severity of depression is measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)
Timepoint [1] 259856 0
Administered at pre-treatment, prior to each Lesson in the program, post-treatment, and at 3-months post-treatment
Primary outcome [2] 259857 0
Anxiety is measured by the Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7 Item Scale (GAD-7).
Timepoint [2] 259857 0
Administered at pre-treatment, prior to each Lesson in the program, post-treatment, and at 3-months post-treatment
Primary outcome [3] 259858 0
Symptoms and severity of depression is measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)
Timepoint [3] 259858 0
Administered at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at 3-months post-treatment.
Secondary outcome [1] 268720 0
Depression, Anxiety and Stress is measured by the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (21 item) (DASS-21).
Timepoint [1] 268720 0
Administered at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at 3-months post-treatment.
Secondary outcome [2] 268721 0
Disability will be measured by the World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule 2nd Edition (WHODAS-II).
Timepoint [2] 268721 0
Administered at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at 3-months post-treatment.
Secondary outcome [3] 268722 0
Psychological distress is measured by the Kessler 10-item scale (K-10).
Timepoint [3] 268722 0
Administered at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at 3-months post-treatment.
Secondary outcome [4] 268723 0
Neuroticism is measured by using the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Neuroticism scale.
Timepoint [4] 268723 0
Administered at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at 3-months post-treatment.
Secondary outcome [5] 268724 0
Perception of cognitive health is measured by the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ).
Timepoint [5] 268724 0
Administered at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at 3-months post-treatment.

Eligibility
Key inclusion criteria
- Resident of Australia
- Have access to a computer, the Internet, and use of a printer
- Not currently participating in CBT
- Not using illicit drugs or consuming more than three standard drinks/day
- Not currently experiencing a psychotic mental illness or severe symptoms of depression (defined as a total score >19 or responding >2 to Question 9 [suicidal ideation] on the PHQ-9)
- Reports that they have been assessed by a GP or specialist to rule out a physical cause for their depression
- A total score >9 on the PHQ-9 (indicating at least elevated symptoms of depression). Note that meeting diagnostic criteria for depression is NOT an inclusion criteria – instead, participants need to have elevated symptoms of depression as measured by the PHQ-9
- If taking medication for anxiety or depression, been taking the same dose for at least 1 month and not intend to change that dose during the course of the program
- Prepared to provide name, phone number and address, and to provide the name and address of a local general practitioner
- Prepared to provide informed consent
Minimum age
60 Years
Maximum age
75 Years
Gender
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
No
Key exclusion criteria
- Severe depression (score of 20 or greater on PHQ-9)
- Suicidal intent or plan
- Scoring below cut-off on the PHQ-9
- Current substance abuse
- Psychosis
- Presenting problem not depression

Study design
Purpose of the study
Treatment
Allocation to intervention
Non-randomised trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Participants apply online, followed by a telephone interview to identify psychiatric diagnoses using the Mini Neuropsychiatric Interview Schedule (MINI 5.0.0).
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?



Intervention assignment
Single group
Other design features
Phase
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Efficacy
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment
Recruitment status
Completed
Date of first participant enrolment
Anticipated
Actual
Date of last participant enrolment
Anticipated
Actual
Date of last data collection
Anticipated
Actual
Sample size
Target
Accrual to date
Final
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 258243 0
Charities/Societies/Foundations
Name [1] 258243 0
beyondblue
Address [1] 258243 0
PO Box 6100
Hawthorn West
VIC3122
Country [1] 258243 0
Australia
Primary sponsor type
Hospital
Name
Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression (CRUfAD), St Vincent's Hospital (Sydney)
Address
CRUfAD, Level 4, O’Brien Center, 390 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst NSW 2010, Australia
Country
Australia
Secondary sponsor category [1] 257413 0
University
Name [1] 257413 0
Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression (CRUfAD), School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales
Address [1] 257413 0
CRUfAD, Level 4, O'Brien Center, 390 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst NSW 2010, Australia
Country [1] 257413 0
Australia

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Approved
Ethics committee name [1] 260222 0
St Vincent's Hospital (Sydney) Human Research Ethics Committe
Ethics committee address [1] 260222 0
390 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst NSW 2010, Australia
Ethics committee country [1] 260222 0
Australia
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 260222 0
Approval date [1] 260222 0
15/12/2010
Ethics approval number [1] 260222 0
HREC/10/SVH/109

Summary
Brief summary
The purpose of this project is to explore whether a clinician-guided treatment program can help to reduce depession symptoms in a population of mature adults (aged 60-75), when administered over the internet. A secondary purpose is to determine how acceptable people find this form of treatment. The study will inform how services can best improve future treatment programs for mature adults with depression.
Trial website
www.virtualclinic.org.au
Trial related presentations / publications
- Andrews, G. and N. Titov, Alternate models of care. Treating people you never see: Internet-based treatment of the internalizing mental disorders. Australian Health Review, In Press.
- Titov, N., et al., The Shyness Program: Longer Term Benefits, Cost-Effectiveness, and Acceptability. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2009. 43(1): p. 36-44.
- Titov, N, G. Andrews, and P.M. McEvoy, Key components in low intensity interventions for anxiety. Oxford Guide, submitted
- Titov, N. & G. Andrews, Email and brief internet based mental health interventions. Oxford Guide, submitted.
- Titov, N., et al., Brief Internet Treatment for Social Phobia reduces Comorbidity Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry in press.
- Titov N, Andrews G, Schwencke G: Shyness 2: Treating social phobia online: replication and extension. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2008 42(7):595-605.
- Titov N, Andrews G, Schwencke G, Drobny J, Einstein D: Shyness 1: Distance treatment for social over the Internet. A randomized controlled trial. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2008; 42(7):585-594.
- Titov N, Andrews G, Choi I, Schwencke G, Mahoney A: Shyness 3: An RCT of guided vs unguided internet based CBT for social phobia. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2008; 42(12):1030-1040.
- Titov N. Status of computerized cognitive behavioural therapy for adults. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2007; 41(2):95-114.
- Titov N, Andrews G, Robinson E, Schwencke G, Johnston L, Solley K, Choi I. Clinician-assisted internet treatment is effective for generalized anxiety disorder: randomized controlled trial. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2009, 43:10, 905-912.
- Titov, N., Dear, B. F., Schwencke, G., Andrews, G., Johnston, L., Craske, M., & McEvoy, P. (submitted). Transdiagnostic internet treatment for anxiety and depression:
A randomised controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy.
- Wims E, Titov N, Andrews G: The Climate Panic program: an open trial of Internet-based treatment for panic disorder. Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology 2008; 4(2)

Dear, B. F., Zou, J. B., Titov, N., Lorian, C., Johnston, L., Spence, J., Anderson, T., Sachdev, P., Brodaty, H., & Knight, R. G. (2013). Brief internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for depression: A feasibility open trial for older adults. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 47, 169 – 176.
Public notes

Contacts
Principal investigator
Name 32038 0
Prof Nick Titov
Address 32038 0
Department of Psychology
Macquarie University
NSW 2109
Country 32038 0
Australia
Phone 32038 0
61 2 9850 9979
Fax 32038 0
Email 32038 0
nick.titov@mq.edu.au
Contact person for public queries
Name 15285 0
Prof Dr Nickolai Titov
Address 15285 0
CRUfAD, Level 4, O’Brien Center, 390 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst NSW 2010, Australia
Country 15285 0
Australia
Phone 15285 0
+61 2 8382 1406
Fax 15285 0
+61 2 8382 1401
Email 15285 0
nickt@unsw.edu.au
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 6213 0
Prof Dr Nickolai Titov
Address 6213 0
CRUfAD, Level 4, O’Brien Center, 390 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst NSW 2010, Australia
Country 6213 0
Australia
Phone 6213 0
+61 2 8382 1406
Fax 6213 0
+61 2 8382 1401
Email 6213 0
nickt@unsw.edu.au

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
Have study results been published in a peer-reviewed journal?
Other publications
Have study results been made publicly available in another format?
Results – basic reporting
Results – plain English summary