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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Date data sharing statement initially provided
Date results information initially provided
Type of registration
Retrospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
The Fit 4 Fun Program: Promoting physical fitness and health in primary school children.
Scientific title
Effects of a school-based physical fitness intervention on physical activity behaviours, physical fitness levels and attitudes towards physical fitness in primary school children.
Secondary ID [1] 252358 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Fit 4 Fun
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Physical fitness in primary school children 257870 0
Physical activity in primary school children 257871 0
Condition category
Condition code
Public Health 258031 258031 0 0
Health promotion/education

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
The ‘Fit 4 Fun’ Program is an 8-week comprehensive school-based health-related fitness program designed for Stage 3 primary school students. Its effectiveness and suitability for use in primary schools will be evaluated through a Randomized Control Trial (RCT) feasibility study in two primary schools. The ‘Fit 4 Fun’ program will take a multi-faceted approach to physical fitness education by involving students, staff, parents and family members in a range of fun and challenging activities designed to increase knowledge, skills and attitudes regarding physical fitness and health. The Fit 4 Fun Program was developed in accordance to the NSW Personal Development, Health & Physical Education (PDHPE) K-6 curriculum and is grounded in Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory and Harter's Competence Motivation theory. The program facilitates behaviour change by targeting the following mediators of change: self-efficacy, social support, self-monitoring and enjoyment. The Fit 4 Fun program focuses on the three areas of a 'Health Promoting School' by having programs that combine to improve the physical fitness behaviours and attitudes of children and their families. They are:- 1) Home: the children complete an 8 week home activity program with their parents and siblings & / or friends. The program is completed 4 times for week and not only engages the participants in a range of innovative fitness-based activities and games but also provides activities specifically designed to enhance skills is self-evaluation, physical fitness assessment and goal-setting. The children are provided with a home activity booklet and access to equipment. 2) Curriculum: the students participate in 8 weekly PDHPE lessons (60min) that are specifically designed to improve knowledge, skills, understanding and appreciation of the role that physical fitness and fitness assessment plays in improving health. The lessons combine theoretical and practical learning experiences across the 4 health-related fitness components (flexibility, muscular fitness, body composition and cardio-respiratory fitness). The teachers and students are provided with work booklets, all resources and learning materials. 3) School Environment: during recess and lunch breaks, children are encouraged to participate in a wide range of fun activities, small-sided games and fitness challenges to not only get the children physically active but to improve their physical fitness levels. The children are provided with game cards and equipment, and are encouraged to be self-motivated & directed during their break times.
Intervention code [1] 256920 0
Intervention code [2] 256921 0
Comparator / control treatment
Wait list control. Schools in the control group will receive the intervention at the completion of the study.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 258880 0
Health-Related Physical Fitness 1) Cardiorespiratory fitness will be assessed using the 20m shuttle test (beep test) 2) Muscular fitness will be assessed using the 7-stage sit-up test, the Basketball Throw test, Cadence Push-Up test and Wall Squat Test. 3) Flexibility will be assessed using the Sit & Reach test and the Shoulder Stretch test. 4) Body Composition will calculated using measurements from height (stadiometer) and weight (callibrated scales).
Timepoint [1] 258880 0
Baseline and at the completion of the intervention (10 weeks after basline measures).
Secondary outcome [1] 265030 0
1) Physical Activity will be assessed using at least 5 days of pedometery (4 week days and 1 weekend day)
Timepoint [1] 265030 0
Baseline and at the completion of the intervention (10 weeks after basline measures).
Secondary outcome [2] 265031 0
1) Perceptions of physical fitness & fitness testing: using a questionnaire (students & teachers). The questionnaire is a purpose designed survey assessing participants thoughts and feelings about physical fitness and fitness testing. Demographic information will also be collected.
Timepoint [2] 265031 0
Baseline and at the completion of the intervention (10 weeks after basline measures).

Key inclusion criteria
Stage 3 Primary School Children (year 5 & 6).
Minimum age
9 Years
Maximum age
13 Years
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
All students in the Stage 3 class will participate in the program, however, only the students who provide signed consent letters will complete the assessments and evaluations. Students will also be ineligible to be included in the program evaluation if they currently have a medical condition or physical injury preventing testing or training (they will be able to participate in the program).

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Two primary schools from the Lake Macquarie Region will be invited to participate in the feasibility study of the Fit 4 Fun Program. a) Initial contact – The school Principals will be contacted by Narelle Eather and invited to participate in the study. The Principals will be provided with an information statement outlining the feasibility study in detail. If the Principal consents to the school’s participation in the study then Narelle Eather will make contact with the Stage 3 teacher to seek permission to conduct the feasibility study with their class. The classroom teacher will also be given an information statement outlining the Fit 4 Fun program and their role during the delivery stage. A consent form will be collected from the participating teacher. b) Recruitment – Once a school has expressed interest in the project and have returned their consent forms, Narelle Eather will contact the school and request an opportunity to present the research proposal to students. Information leaflets will be distributed at a school assembly. All parents and students will be provided with information and consent letters. Once all consent letters have been collected and eligibility determined then baseline assesments will be conducted and randomisation will occur at the school level. Allocation will be concealed and conducted after eligibility has been determined. The allocation of groups will be conducted 'off-site' and the allocation schedule will be announced by the off-site administrator.
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
A simple randomisation method of a coin test will be conducted to allocate schools to either the control or the treatment conditions. This method ensures that all schools will have an equal likelihood of allocation to either the control or intervention group.
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Wait list control design. Participants assigned to the control group will receive the intervention at the completion of the study.
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 257370 0
Self funded/Unfunded
Name [1] 257370 0
Narelle Eather
Address [1] 257370 0
Health and Physical Education Building (HPE)
The University of Newcastle
University Drive,
Callaghan, NSW. 2308
Country [1] 257370 0
Primary sponsor type
Narelle Eather
Health and Physical Education Building (HPE)
The University of Newcastle
University Drive,
Callaghan, NSW. 2308
Secondary sponsor category [1] 256610 0
Name [1] 256610 0
The University of Newcastle
Address [1] 256610 0
The University of Newcastle
University Drive,
Callaghan, NSW. 2308
Country [1] 256610 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 259391 0
University of Newcastle Human Research Ethics Committee
Ethics committee address [1] 259391 0
Callaghan Campus,
University Drive, Callaghan, NSW, 2308.
Ethics committee country [1] 259391 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 259391 0
Approval date [1] 259391 0
Ethics approval number [1] 259391 0

Brief summary
The aim of this project is to evaluate the impact of a school-based health-related fitness intervention (Fit 4 Fun) on the fitness and activity levels, and attitudes towards phsyical fitness, of Stage 3 primary school students. The study will assess changes over 10 weeks and the feasibility and efficacy of the program for use in primary schools will be assessed.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 31457 0
Dr Narelle Eather
Address 31457 0
HPE 310
University Drive
Callaghan NSW 2308
Country 31457 0
Phone 31457 0
Fax 31457 0
Email 31457 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 14704 0
Dr Narelle Eather
Address 14704 0
The University of Newcastle
School of Education
Callaghan Campus,
University Drive,
NSW, 2308.
Country 14704 0
Phone 14704 0
+61 2 49216232
Fax 14704 0
+61 2 49217407
Email 14704 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 5632 0
Dr Narelle Eather
Address 5632 0
The University of Newcastle
School of Education
Callaghan Campus,
University Drive,
NSW, 2308.
Country 5632 0
Phone 5632 0
+61 2 49216232
Fax 5632 0
+61 2 49217407
Email 5632 0

Data sharing statement
Will individual participant data (IPD) for this trial be available (including data dictionaries)?
No/undecided IPD sharing reason/comment
What supporting documents are/will be available?
Summary results
Have study results been published in a peer-reviewed journal?
Other publications
Have study results been made publicly available in another format?
Results – basic reporting
Results – plain English summary