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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Type of registration
Retrospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
The relationship between positive mastery recollections and hopelessness in older adults
Scientific title
The efficacy of a reminiscence based intervention for reducing reportedly high levels of hopelessness in older adults
Secondary ID [1] 1533 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Hopelessness 256906 0
Mood 256907 0
Self efficacy 256908 0
Condition category
Condition code
Mental Health 257055 257055 0 0
Mental Health 257056 257056 0 0

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
The intervention will consist of a reminiscence activity (lasting approximately 20 minutes in a single session). In the face-to-face session, participants are asked by a psychologist several questions that prompt memories of situations in which they were successful at solving problems or overcoming obstacles. These questions are designed to prime the participant to remember mastery related experiences.
Intervention code [1] 256105 0
Intervention code [2] 256186 0
Treatment: Other
Comparator / control treatment
Participants in the control condition are not administered this reminiscence activity.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 258049 0
Mean level of hopelessness, as measured by Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS)
Timepoint [1] 258049 0
Baseline (time 1), post-treatment (time 2), 1 month after baseline (time 3) and 2 months after baseline (time 4)
Secondary outcome [1] 263629 0
Mean level of self-efficacy as measured by Pearline Mastery Scale
Timepoint [1] 263629 0
Baseline (time 1), post-treatment (time 2), 1 month after baseline (time 3) and 2 months after baseline (time 4)
Secondary outcome [2] 263630 0
Mean level of depressed mood as measured by the Profile of Mood States (Short form depressed subscale)
Timepoint [2] 263630 0
Baseline (time 1), post-treatment (time 2), 1 month after baseline (time 3) and 2 months after baseline (time 4)

Key inclusion criteria
To be eligible for the study, participants must (a) be at least 60 years (b) report high levels of hopeleness (as indicated by a score of 2 or more on item 2 of the Beck Depression Inventory –II), (c) demonstrate adequate cognitive functioning (as indicated by a score of 23 or more on the Mini Mental Status Examination).
Minimum age
60 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Potential participants who appear unable to participate in screening procedures due to health or language related limitations will not be eligible for participation. .

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Referrals will be sought from health professionals, aged care facilities and public notices. Individuals interested in participating will be invited to to speak to their health professional or researchers.
Potential participants will be screened for study eligibility. Eligible participants will be consented. Allocation codes will be concealed from researchers who are responsible for enrolling the participants or administering study procedures. Codes will be sealed in opaque enveloped and revealed after enrollment and pre-treatment procedurs.
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Participants will be randomly allocated to one of two conditions using an unrestricted method of randomization. Simple randomisation is accomplished by using a randomisation table created by a computer software (i.e., computerised sequence generation).
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 2620 0
Recruitment postcode(s) [2] 2621 0

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 256682 0
Name [1] 256682 0
American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
Address [1] 256682 0
120 Wall Street, 22nd Floor
New York, NY 10005
Country [1] 256682 0
United States of America
Primary sponsor type
Sunil Bhar
Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Mail H24, PO Box 218, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122
Secondary sponsor category [1] 255971 0
Name [1] 255971 0
Address [1] 255971 0
Country [1] 255971 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 258707 0
Swinburne Human Research and Ethics
Ethics committee address [1] 258707 0
Mail H28, PO Box 218, Hawthorn Victoria 3122
Ethics committee country [1] 258707 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 258707 0
Approval date [1] 258707 0
Ethics approval number [1] 258707 0

Brief summary
This study examines if reminiscing about past mastery experiences results in reduced hopelessness, improved mood and increased self-efficacy in older adults.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 30896 0
Address 30896 0
Country 30896 0
Phone 30896 0
Fax 30896 0
Email 30896 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 14143 0
Dr Sunil Bhar
Address 14143 0
Mail H24, PO Box 218, Hawthorn Victoria 3122
Country 14143 0
Phone 14143 0
+ 61 3 9214 8317
Fax 14143 0
+61 3 9819 0821
Email 14143 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 5071 0
Dr Sunil Bhar
Address 5071 0
Mail H24, PO Box 218, Hawthorn Victoria 3122
Country 5071 0
Phone 5071 0
+ 61 3 9214 8317
Fax 5071 0
+61 3 9819 0821
Email 5071 0

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
No Results