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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Type of registration
Retrospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Cardiac function and cerebral blood flow in the beachchair surgical patient.
Scientific title
The effect of vasopressor therapy with phenylepherine infusion versus a placebo saline infusion on cardiac function and cerebral blood flow in the beachchair surgical patient.
Secondary ID [1] 253166 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Intraoperative cerebral hypoperfusion 256836 0
Haemodynamic state in the Beachchair position during shoulder surgery 256837 0
Condition category
Condition code
Anaesthesiology 256983 256983 0 0
Surgery 256999 256999 0 0
Surgical techniques
Stroke 258866 258866 0 0

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
This study will investigate the effects of vasopressor therapy on cerebral blood flow and oxygenation, in the beach chair position during shoulder surgery. Following interscalene brachial plexus anaesthesia with 20-20 ml ropivicaine 0.75%, general anaesthesia will be induced with propofol 50-200mg and maintained on sevoflurane 2-3%. Phenylephrine infusion 0.15 - 0.5 microgram/kg/min titrated to increase mean arterial pressure by 20 % versus saline infusion. Infusion is maintained whilst patient placed into beachchair position for surgery. The duration of intervention is 1 hour.
Intervention code [1] 256034 0
Treatment: Surgery
Intervention code [2] 256046 0
Treatment: Drugs
Comparator / control treatment
In control patients saline will be infused at the same rate as the phenylephrine infusion, and for the same duration. Infusions will be unmarked and contents unknown to the observer making measurements.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 257872 0
Cerebral blood flow in the beach chair position. Measurement of middle cerebral artery flow velocity via transcranial Doppler, and frontal lobe cerebral oxygenation by near infra-red spectroscopy.
Timepoint [1] 257872 0
From supine position to beach chair position
Primary outcome [2] 257898 0
Cognitive recovery. The assessment of cognitivre recovery (early and late) following surgery involves the use of a Post Operative Quality of Recovery Scale (PQRS) questionaire.
Timepoint [2] 257898 0
Patients will be tested preoperatively and following surgery at 40 min, day 1, day 3, and at 3 months.
Secondary outcome [1] 263326 0
Changes in cardiac output. Cardiac function will be assessed by transthoracic echocardiography, with measurement of left ventricular outflow tract size and blood velocity via Doppler.
Timepoint [1] 263326 0
From supine position to beach chair position
Secondary outcome [2] 263327 0
Fluid and vasopressor requirements. The extra volume of crystalloid and/or colloid, and total additional phenylephrine bolus dose and/or atropine bolus dose required to treat refractory hypotension and bradycardia.
Timepoint [2] 263327 0
From induction to completion of anaesthetic

Key inclusion criteria
>18 years of age
Shoulder surgery suitable for beach chair position
Able to provide informed consent
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
80 Years
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Previous cerebrovascular event
Current cardiac disease including pacemaker Cerebrovascular disease
Significant cardiac or respiratory impairment
Contraindications to interscalene block
Inadequate understanding of English
Body Mass Index (BMI) > 35

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Discussion of the study with patient prior to surgery, followed by informed, written consent.
Placement in control or intervention groups will be decided via sealed envelopes on day of procedure.
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Equal numbers of randomisation pairs using a randomisation table created by computer software,and assigned in this order to sealed envelopes by an independent person.
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
The person administering the treatment is unblinded and will be managing the patient's anaesthesia whilst an independent observer will take study measurements
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 256534 0
Name [1] 256534 0
The University of Melbourne
Address [1] 256534 0
Cardiovascular Therapeutics Research Unit, Level 8, medical sciences building University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, 3010
Country [1] 256534 0
Primary sponsor type
The Avenue Hospital
40 The Avenue Windsor, Victoria, 3181
Secondary sponsor category [1] 255840 0
Name [1] 255840 0
Address [1] 255840 0
Country [1] 255840 0
Other collaborator category [1] 1123 0
Name [1] 1123 0
The University of Melbourne
Address [1] 1123 0
Carlton, Victoria, 3010
Country [1] 1123 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 258581 0
The Avenue Hospital Human Research Ethics Commitee (HREC)
Ethics committee address [1] 258581 0
40 The Avenue Windsor, Victoria, 3181
Ethics committee country [1] 258581 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 258581 0
Approval date [1] 258581 0
Ethics approval number [1] 258581 0

Brief summary
During shoulder surgery patients are commonly positioned into an upright sitting position for optimal access to the shoulder joint.

In some patients blood pressure may decrease and a concern of the anaesthetist is whether sufficient blood reaches the brain during such surgery. Even though this can be routinely treated with cardiac drugs, the exact effect of this treatment on the brain is unknown.

This study plans to investigate the changes in cardiac function and flow to the brain when patients are anaesthetised and placed upright. The surgery will be performed using the anaesthetic technique that we use for the majority of the surgeon’s cases. The patient will receive a nerve block that will anaesthetise the arm receiving surgery. This will be combined with a general anaesthetic.

Special monitoring of the heart and blood flow using sound waves, and brain function using reflected light waves will be used. These techniques are both non-invasive and present no harm to the patient. The study will investigate whether the administration of medication to gently increase blood pressure has an effect on hypotension and blood flow to the brain. In addition postoperative cognitive recovery will be assessed via a questionaire.

By agreeing to the study patients will give us permission to make these extra measurements during anaesthesia, in order to understand whether we are protecting the brain during surgery.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 30855 0
Address 30855 0
Country 30855 0
Phone 30855 0
Fax 30855 0
Email 30855 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 14102 0
Dr Paul Soeding
Address 14102 0
Cardiovascular therapeutics unit
level 8, medical sciences building
University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, 3010
Country 14102 0
Phone 14102 0
Fax 14102 0
Email 14102 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 5030 0
Dr Paul Soeding
Address 5030 0
Cardiovascular therapeutics unit
level 8, medical sciences building
University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, 3010
Country 5030 0
Phone 5030 0
Fax 5030 0
Email 5030 0

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
No Results