Please note the ANZCTR will be unattended from Friday 24 December 2021 for the holidays. The Registry will re-open on Monday 17 January 2022. Submissions and updates will not be processed during that time.

For new and updated trial submissions, we are processing trials as quickly as possible and appreciate your patience. We recommend submitting your trial for registration at the same time as ethics submission.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been endorsed by the ANZCTR. Before participating in a study, talk to your health care provider and refer to this information for consumers
Trial details imported from

For full trial details, please see the original record at

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated

Titles & IDs
Public title
Effectiveness and Safety of Two Approaches to the Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Australian Primary Care
Scientific title
A Randomised, Multicentre, Open-Label, Parallel-Group, 24-Week Phase IV Study Comparing the Effectiveness and Safety of Two Approaches to the Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Australian Primary Care: General Practitioner Initiation of Insulin Glargine Versus the Usual Standard of Care
Secondary ID [1] 0 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 0 0
Condition category
Condition code
Metabolic and Endocrine 0 0 0 0

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Treatment: Drugs - INSULIN GLARGINE (HOE901)
Treatment: Drugs - Oral Anti Diabetics (OAD)

Experimental: General Practitioner initiation with insulin glargine - Patients will be prescribed insulin glargine by their Investigator and they will be taught how to administer insulin glargine according to Australian guidelines. Patients will be treated for 24 weeks.

Active Comparator: Usual standard of care - Patients will be treated by their Investigator with the usual standard of care for 24 weeks (e.g., OAD dose titration, addition of a second or third OAD, or referral to an endocrinologist)

Treatment: Drugs: INSULIN GLARGINE (HOE901)
The dose of insulin glargine will be titrated toward a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) target of 5.5 mmol/L. Treatment with oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) prescribed before study entry may continue (except Sitagliptin, Acarbose, Rosiglitazone)

Treatment: Drugs: Oral Anti Diabetics (OAD)
Patients treated with the usual standard of care (OAD dose titration, addition of a second or third OAD or referral to an endocrinologist) until optimal doses are reached to maintain a FPG of 5.5 mmol/L

Intervention code [1] 0 0
Treatment: Drugs
Comparator / control treatment
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 0 0
The percentage of patients achieving glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels < or = 7.0%
Timepoint [1] 0 0
From week 0 to week 24
Secondary outcome [1] 0 0
Time required to reach the target HbA1c level of < or = 7%
Timepoint [1] 0 0
From week 0 to week 24
Secondary outcome [2] 0 0
The percentage of patients achieving two consecutive on treatment HbA1c measurements of < or = 7.0%
Timepoint [2] 0 0
From week 0 to week 24
Secondary outcome [3] 0 0
Decrease in mean HbA1c level
Timepoint [3] 0 0
At week 24
Secondary outcome [4] 0 0
Decrease in mean Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)
Timepoint [4] 0 0
At week 24
Secondary outcome [5] 0 0
Mean change in body weight
Timepoint [5] 0 0
At week 24

Key inclusion criteria
Inclusion criteria:

- Diagnosed with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM)

- HbA1c > or = 7.5%, or HbA1c < or = 10%

- Continuous oral antidiabetic (OAD) treatment for more or equal than three months
before randomisation with stable daily doses of one or more OADs (if on two or more
OADs, one must be less or equal than half maximum tolerated dose)

- Willing and able to perform blood glucose monitoring using a blood glucose meter

- Willing and able to keep a daily patient diary

- Willing and able to provide written informed consent before enrolment in the study
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
80 Years
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Exclusion criteria:

- Type 1 diabetes mellitus

- Body mass index (BMI) > 45 kg/m²

- Works night shifts

- History of ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state

- History of stroke, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, coronary artery bypass
graft or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty within the previous 12 months

- History of congestive heart failure

- Hypoglycaemia unawareness

- Have had more than one episode of hypoglycaemia (per protocol definition) within 24
weeks before screening

- Impaired renal function defined as, but not limited to, serum creatinine > or = 1.5
mg/dL (133 µmol/L) males or > or = 1.4 mg/dL (124 µmol/L) females

- Active liver disease (alanine transaminase (ALT) greater than two times the upper
limit of the reference range, as defined by the local laboratory)

- Have any condition (including known substance or alcohol abuse or psychiatric
disorder) that precludes the patient from following and completing the study protocol

- Had a blood transfusion or severe blood loss within the 3 months before screening, or
have known haemoglobinopathy, haemolytic anaemia or sickle cell anaemia

- Current or previous use of insulin

- Known hypersensitivity / intolerance to insulin glargine or any of its excipients

- Have taken exenatide in the six weeks before screening or for a total of 30 days or
more in the 24 weeks before screening

- Currently receiving treatment with non-selective -blockers

- Currently receiving chronic (longer than two weeks) systemic glucocorticoid therapy
(excluding topical or inhaled preparations) or have received such therapy within the
four weeks preceding the screening visit

- Currently undergoing therapy or planned radiological examinations requiring the
administration of contrasting agents for malignancy (other than non-metastatic / early
stage basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma).

- Currently participating in another investigational study or recent study participation
ending < 30 days before screening

- Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding

- Female patients of childbearing potential (i.e., ovulating, pre-menopausal, not
surgically sterile) must be willing to agree to use a medically accepted contraceptive
regimen for the duration of the study.

The above information is not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a patient's
potential participation in a clinical trial.

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Phase 4
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Data analysis
Reason for early stopping/withdrawal
Other reasons
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment hospital [1] 0 0
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office - Macquarie Park
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 0 0
- Macquarie Park

Funding & Sponsors
Primary sponsor type
Commercial sector/Industry

Ethics approval
Ethics application status

Brief summary
The primary objective is to demonstrate the improvement in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c)
levels after general practitioner (GP) initiation and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus
(T2DM) with insulin glargine compared with their usual clinical practice.

The secondary objective is to demonstrate the importance of GP initiation of insulin glargine
for the treatment of T2DM.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 0 0
Clinical Sciences & Operations
Address 0 0
Country 0 0
Phone 0 0
Fax 0 0
Email 0 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 0 0
Address 0 0
Country 0 0
Phone 0 0
Fax 0 0
Email 0 0
Contact person for scientific queries

Summary results
For IPD and results data, please see