Please note that the ANZCTR website will be unavailable from 1pm until 2pm (AEST) on Wednesday the 26th of June for website maintenance. Please be sure to log out of the system in order to avoid any loss of data. Thank you and apologies for any inconvenience caused.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been endorsed by the ANZCTR. Before participating in a study, talk to your health care provider and refer to this information for consumers
Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Date data sharing statement initially provided
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Can Symptom monitoring With Feedback to clinicians improve the lives of people on dialysis? (SWIFT) - Pilot study of acceptability and feasibility
Scientific title
Can Symptom monitoring With Feedback to clinicians improve the lives of people on dialysis? (SWIFT) - Pilot study of acceptability and feasibility
Secondary ID [1] 296589 0
Nil known
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
End Stage Kidney Disease 310399 0
Quality of Life 310400 0
Condition category
Condition code
Renal and Urogenital 309116 309116 0 0
Kidney disease
Public Health 309306 309306 0 0
Health service research

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Both the EQ-5D-5L (5 questions and Visual Analogue Scale) and IPOS-Renal measures (11 Questions) and will be collected by patients using a tablet when they come for their in-centre dialysis sessions, with the EQ-5D measure collected first. The data is stored temporarily on the tablets and then transferred weekly to specifically designed database tables in the ANZDATA registry. The integration of data into the ANZDATA registry allows for easy feedback to unit nurses and nephrologists and also allows for PROMs data to be integrated and analysed as part of the larger ANZDATA dataset. Symptom scores are fed back to the caring nephrologist and nurse unit manager via a secure email system approximately one to two weeks after measurement. Alarming symptoms (scores of 3 or 4) are highlighted in the body of the email with the full list of symptom scores in an attachment; along with evidence based guidelines for symptom management. This could prompt assessment of the patient, and triage as to whether further action is required e.g discussion with multi-disciplinary team or referral.
Intervention code [1] 312911 0
Diagnosis / Prognosis
Comparator / control treatment
The control treatment is the collection of EQ-5D-5L (in centre via tablets) at baseline and 6-months.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 308113 0
Overall response rate of EQ-5D-5L & IPOS renal surveys calculated as the number of complete surveys over the total number of surveys given to patients
Timepoint [1] 308113 0
EQ-5D-5L surveys at baseline and 6 months and IPOS-Renal surveys at baseline, 3 and 6 months
Primary outcome [2] 308115 0
Overall completeness of surveys, calculated as the proportion of core questions completed per survey (some questions from the IPOS Renal are optional and these will not be included in completeness calculations)
Timepoint [2] 308115 0
EQ-5D-5L surveys at baseline and 6 months and IPOS-Renal surveys at baseline, 3 and 6 months
Primary outcome [3] 308116 0
Thematic analysis of transcripts from interviews with nurse unit managers and nephrologists and focus groups with patients to elicit the facilitators and barriers to implementation of electronic patient reported outcome measures (ePROMs)
Timepoint [3] 308116 0
Focus groups and interviews with patients and clinical staff after completion of the 6 month ePROMs data collection
Secondary outcome [1] 353983 0
Time taken to complete ePROMs data collection, measured using metrics built into Qualtrics
Timepoint [1] 353983 0
EQ-5D-5L surveys at baseline and 6 months and IPOS-Renal surveys at baseline, 3 and 6 months
Secondary outcome [2] 354064 0
Email activity metrics (measured via Mail Chimp) to examine the proportion of feedback emails that were opened
Timepoint [2] 354064 0
Baseline, 3 and 6 months for intervention arm (no measurement for control arm as no symptom score emails are sent)
Secondary outcome [3] 354641 0
Representativeness of patient population, by examining the cohort who participated in the trial compared to the eligible cohort (identified using ANZDATA)
Timepoint [3] 354641 0
Total number of participants at each site who were enrolled in the trial at the time of site commencement, compared to those eligible for participation at the time of site enrolment.

Key inclusion criteria
Adults aged 18 years and older with ESKD receiving in-centre haemodialysis or haemodiafiltration.
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Non - English speaking participants who would require additional translation services that are not existing as part of usual care
Patients likely to be transplanted or transitioned to PD or Home HD within the next 3 months

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Allocation of the site to a treatment arm is centralised (not performed at the individual site)
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Dynamic (adaptive) random allocation methods such as Minimisation

Stratification factors include: Geographical state; prior use of IPOS-Renal; and measure of self-assessed dialysis staff computer literacy
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint/s
Statistical methods / analysis
Descriptive statistics only, no power calculations required to meet study objectives.

Quantitative data analysis-
Descriptive statistics for response rate, completeness, representativeness, email activity metrics and time taken to complete the surveys

Qualitative Data analysis-
Thematic analysis of interviews and focus groups

Recruitment status
Not yet recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment hospital [1] 12411 0
The Royal Adelaide Hospital - Adelaide
Recruitment hospital [2] 12412 0
The Queen Elizabeth Hospital - Woodville
Recruitment hospital [3] 12413 0
Gawler Health Service - Gawler East
Recruitment hospital [4] 12414 0
NephroCare Payneham Dialysis Clinic - Payneham
Recruitment hospital [5] 12479 0
Princess Alexandra Hospital - Woolloongabba
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 24780 0
4102 - Woolloongabba
Recruitment postcode(s) [2] 24684 0
5000 - Adelaide
Recruitment postcode(s) [3] 24685 0
5011 - Woodville
Recruitment postcode(s) [4] 24687 0
5070 - Payneham
Recruitment postcode(s) [5] 24686 0
5118 - Gawler East

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 301167 0
Name [1] 301167 0
Kidney Health Australia
Country [1] 301167 0
Primary sponsor type
NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre - University of Sydney
NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre - University of Sydney
Levels 4-6 Medical Foundation Building
92-94 Parramatta Rd
Camperdown NSW 2050
Secondary sponsor category [1] 300789 0
Other Collaborative groups
Name [1] 300789 0
South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute
Address [1] 300789 0
SAHMRI Building
North Terrace
Adelaide 5000
South Australia
Country [1] 300789 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 301911 0
Central Adelaide Local Health Network Human Research Ethics Committee
Ethics committee address [1] 301911 0
Central Adelaide Local Health Network Human (CAHLN) Research Ethics Committee
L3, Roma Mitchell House
North Terrace
Adelaide SA 5000
Ethics committee country [1] 301911 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 301911 0
Approval date [1] 301911 0
Ethics approval number [1] 301911 0

Brief summary
Treatment of end-stage kidney disease for more than 2 million people worldwide, including 13,000 Australians on dialysis is extremely costly ($1.1billion per year) yet results in poor survival (45% at 5-years), lower than all cancers combined. Health-related quality of life for people managed on haemodialysis is low, around 60% of full health. Both women and men on haemodialysis frequently experience symptoms of severe or overwhelming pain, fatigue, nausea, cramping, itching, trouble sleeping and depression which contributes to a poor quality of life.

The problem is standard dialysis care does not focus on patient-centered outcomes like health-related quality of life or symptoms; instead the focus is on the management of biomarkers (e.g. urea, potassium, phosphate). This has resulted in missed opportunities to intervene and improve symptom management and overall quality of life. New data from other areas suggest symptom monitoring may not only improve quality of life, but also improve overall survival.

The Symptom monitoring WIth Feedback Trial (SWIFT) is a novel Australia & New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Association (ANZDATA) registry-based cluster randomised trial to improve the lives of people on kidney dialysis. We will test the hypothesis that: symptom monitoring using the IPOS-Renal with feedback to clinicians, improves health-related quality of life (measured by the EQ-5D-5L) and cause specific mortality among participants receiving haemodialysis.

The SWIFT pilot study will assess the feasibility of electronic capture of patient reported outcomes using tablet computers, and feeding back this information to clinicians, for discussion in clinical consultations.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 88530 0
A/Prof Rachael Morton
Address 88530 0
NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre
Levels 4-6 Medical Foundation Building
92-94 Parramatta Rd
Camperdown NSW 2050
Country 88530 0
Phone 88530 0
+61 2 9562 5013
Fax 88530 0
Email 88530 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 88531 0
Mrs Kathryn Dansie
Address 88531 0
ANZDATA Registry
SAHMRI Building
North Terrace
Adelaide SA 5001
Country 88531 0
Phone 88531 0
+61 08 8128 4766
Fax 88531 0
Email 88531 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 88532 0
A/Prof Rachael Morton
Address 88532 0
NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre
Levels 4-6 Medical Foundation Building
92-94 Parramatta Rd
Camperdown NSW 2050
Country 88532 0
Phone 88532 0
+61 2 9562 5013
Fax 88532 0
Email 88532 0

Data sharing statement
Will individual participant data (IPD) for this trial be available (including data dictionaries)?
No/undecided IPD sharing reason/comment
Making individual participant data (IPD) publically available is not necessary to achieve the outcomes of this trial and hence will not occur.

What supporting documents are/will be available?

Doc. No.TypeCitationLinkEmailOther DetailsAttachment
267Ethical approval    376368-(Uploaded-15-11-2018-11-34-10)-Study-related document.pdf

Results publications and other study-related documents

Documents added manually
No documents have been uploaded by study researchers.

Documents added automatically
SourceTitleYear of PublicationDOI
EmbaseThe role of kidney registries in expediting large-scale collection of patient-reported outcome measures for people with chronic kidney disease.2021
EmbaseFeasibility of Symptom monitoring WIth Feedback Trial (SWIFT) for adults on hemodialysis: a registry-based cluster randomized pilot trial.2023
EmbaseFeasibility and acceptability of e-PROMs data capture and feedback among patients receiving haemodialysis in the Symptom monitoring with Feedback Trial (SWIFT) pilot: Protocol for a qualitative study in Australia.2020
N.B. These documents automatically identified may not have been verified by the study sponsor.