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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Date data sharing statement initially provided
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Functional magnetic resonance Imaging GUided Radiation therapy dose Escalation in Head and Neck Cancer (FIGURE-rad HNC)
Scientific title
Functional magnetic resonance Imaging GUided Radiation therapy dose Escalation in Head and Neck Cancer (FIGURE-rad HNC)
Secondary ID [1] 300687 0
nil known
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record
not applicable

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Head and Neck Cancer 316499 0
Condition category
Condition code
Cancer 314744 314744 0 0
Head and neck

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
This study aims to assess the feasibility of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) guided radiation therapy dose escalation in head and neck cancer (HNC). Participants will need to attend an MRI scan at the Sunshine Coast University Hospital within one week prior to their standard radiotherapy planning CT. This scan will be performed with the participant lying in the radiation therapy treatment position with a custom fit immobilisation mask in place and may take up to an hour to perform.

Based on the quantitative information from this scan, a high-risk volume within the tumour will be identified. A boost dose of 5-7Gy in one fraction will be delivered to this tumour subvolume defined by an area of low apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value, representative of increased cellular density. This is followed by a 3-5 day break then the standard fractionated radiation therapy schedule of 66-70Gy over 6-7 weeks is delivered. Each individual treatment takes approximately 15 minutes.

The study will be conducted by the Radiation Oncology department at the Sunshine Coast University Hospital in Birtinya, Queensland. The participant will be asked to complete quality of life questionnaires at 5 different timepoints before, during and after the treatment period. These questionnaires may take up to 5mins to complete each time. Patients will be monitored closely by the treating team for any acute or late treatment side effects.
Intervention code [1] 317014 0
Treatment: Other
Comparator / control treatment
No control group
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 323091 0
1. Locoregional control - From date of start of treatment to date of first clinical and/or imaging evidence of local or regional recurrence
Timepoint [1] 323091 0
Assessed by clinical examination and imaging studies if indicated as part of clinical follow up post treatment (3 monthly for the first year and then 6 monthly up to 5 years post treatment)
Secondary outcome [1] 380760 0
2. Quality of life using Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) questionnaire. The University of Washington HNSS RTOG questionnaire has been selected as the preferred PROM for this study as the literature supports its ability to measure minimally clinical important difference (MCID) in key proximal outcomes of oral pain, appetite, dysphagia, xerostomia, fatigue and hoarseness across time points.
Timepoint [1] 380760 0
Pre-treatment; 2 weeks post boost dose; Final week of treatment; 2 weeks post treatment; 3 months post treatment
Secondary outcome [2] 380761 0
3. Toxicity - using the Common Terminology for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.0
Timepoint [2] 380761 0
Acute toxicity - during treatment and within 3 months after treatment
Late toxicity - after 3 months post treatment, for 5 years

Key inclusion criteria
- Histologically confirmed primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region
- Not fit for, or declined surgical resection and/or chemotherapy, or unresectable disease
- Able to give informed consent to treatment by understanding the nature, significances and consequences of the study
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
- Previous radiation therapy to the head and neck region
- Evidence of metastatic disease
- Contraindication to MRI such as significant claustrophobia, pacemaker/defibrillator or implanted metals
- ECOG performance status greater than 2 or KPS less than 60
- Life expectancy likely less than 12 months due to other significant comorbidities
- Simultaneous participation in another interventional trial that may interfere with the results of this trial

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Non-randomised trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Allocation is not concealed
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Not applicable
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Single group
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis
Statistical analyses will be performed by using software IBM SPSS version 24. The Kaplan Meier survival analysis will be performed for locoregional control. Toxicity rates and PROMs will be compared to those from literature review.

Recruitment status
Not yet recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment hospital [1] 16033 0
Sunshine Coast University Hospital - Birtinya
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 29546 0
4575 - Birtinya

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 305131 0
Name [1] 305131 0
Sunshine Coast University Hospital
Address [1] 305131 0
6 Doherty St
QLD 4575
Country [1] 305131 0
Funding source category [2] 305168 0
Name [2] 305168 0
University of the Sunshine Coast
Address [2] 305168 0
90 Sippy Downs Drive
Sippy Downs
QLD 4556
Country [2] 305168 0
Primary sponsor type
Dr Myo Min
Adem Crosby Centre
Sunshine Coast University Hospital
Birtinya, QLD 4575
Secondary sponsor category [1] 305491 0
Name [1] 305491 0
Dr Daisy Atwell
Address [1] 305491 0
Adem Crosby Centre
Sunshine Coast University Hospital
Birtinya, QLD 4575
Country [1] 305491 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 305501 0
The Prince Charles Hospital HREC
Ethics committee address [1] 305501 0
The Prince Charles Hospital, Building 14, Rode Road, Chermside QLD 4032
Ethics committee country [1] 305501 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 305501 0
Approval date [1] 305501 0
Ethics approval number [1] 305501 0
Ethics committee name [2] 305895 0
University of the Sunshine Coast HREC
Ethics committee address [2] 305895 0
90 Sippy Downs Drive
Sippy Downs QLD 4556
Ethics committee country [2] 305895 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [2] 305895 0
Approval date [2] 305895 0
Ethics approval number [2] 305895 0

Brief summary
The purpose of the study is to use a special type of imaging called diffusion weighted MRI, to target “high risk” areas within the tumour for radiation therapy treatment. The area defined by these images will be treated with a boost dose of radiation therapy in addition to the usual radiation treatment offered for your type of cancer. The aim of the study is to increase the dose of radiation therapy given to the tumour to improve the local control of the disease, without worsening the side effects of treatment.

Who is it for?
You may be eligible for this study if you are aged 18 years or older, have confirmed cancer of the head and neck region and are not suitable for have surgery or chemotherapy treatments.

Study details:
This study involves radiation therapy treatment. In addition to the normal procedures which will be required for standard radiation therapy, you will be required to have an extra MRI scan and may need to attend 1-2 extra clinic appointments at the hospital. You will also be asked to complete a questionnaire that will assess your quality of life before, during and after treatment.

It is hoped this research will enable previously untreatable head and neck cancers to be more precisely targeted (and thus treated) with radiotherapy.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 100582 0
Dr Myo Min
Address 100582 0
Adem Crosby Centre
Sunshine Coast University Hospital
Birtinya QLD 4575
Country 100582 0
Phone 100582 0
+61 7 5202 1111
Fax 100582 0
Email 100582 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 100583 0
Dr Daisy Atwell
Address 100583 0
Adem Crosby Centre
Sunshine Coast University Hospital
Birtinya QLD 4575
Country 100583 0
Phone 100583 0
+61 7 5202 1111
Fax 100583 0
Email 100583 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 100584 0
Dr Daisy Atwell
Address 100584 0
Adem Crosby Centre
Sunshine Coast University Hospital
Birtinya QLD 4575
Country 100584 0
Phone 100584 0
+61 7 5202 1111
Fax 100584 0
Email 100584 0

Data sharing statement
Will individual participant data (IPD) for this trial be available (including data dictionaries)?
No/undecided IPD sharing reason/comment
For confidentiality reasons
What supporting documents are/will be available?
Informed consent form
How or where can supporting documents be obtained?
Type [1] 7194 0
Informed consent form
Citation [1] 7194 0
Link [1] 7194 0
Email [1] 7194 0
Other [1] 7194 0
From the Study Investigators
Attachment [1] 7194 0
Summary results
No Results